Indonesian culture

Indonesian culture is the entire national culture, local culture, and culture of foreign origin that has existed in Indonesia before Indonesian independence in 1945.

National culture

National culture is a culture which is recognized as a national identity. The definition of national culture according to MPR No.II 1998, namely:
“National culture based on Pancasila is the embodiment of creativity, work and wills of the people of Indonesia and is an overall effort to develop Indonesia’s human dignity as a nation, and directed to provide insight and meaning to national development in all spheres of life of the nation. Thus the National Development is a development that berbudaya.Departemen Education and Culture, Being, Meaning, and Peak-Peak Old Culture and Society bai Original Pendukukungnya, Semarang: P & K, 199 ”

national culture in the view of Ki Hajar Dewantara is “the peaks of the regional culture.” Quote this statement refers to understand the unity of the established, so that more and more pronounced than ketunggalikaan diversity. Realization of the unitary state, national economy, national laws, as well as the national language. The definition given by Koentjaraningrat can be seen from peryataannya: “a distinctive and quality of any ethnic origin, the origin could identify themselves and create a sense of pride, that the national culture.” This statement refers to the tops of regional culture and ethnic culture that can cause a sense of pride for Indonesia if it appears to represent the identity bersama.Nunus Supriadi, “Local Culture and National Culture”

The statement contained in these guidelines is a translation of the 1945 Constitution Article 32. Today the Indonesian cultural figures are questioning the existence of regional culture and national culture related to the abolition of three-sentence explanation on article 32 and the emergence of a new paragraph. They questioned the possibility of schism by the local culture if the restrictions on national culture is not explained clearly.

Before the amendment, the 1945 uses two terms to identify the regional culture and national culture. Culture peoples, cultures is long and contained as a genuine peaks in the regions throughout Indonesia, while the national culture itself is understood as a culture goose that was located at a position that has meaning for the whole nation of Indonesia. Within there are elements of a unifying national culture of Indonesia is already aware of Banga and menglami spread nationally. In it there are elements of culture and cultural elements of foreign nations, as well as elements of a new creation or invention of national results. Directorate of History and Values tradsional, Congress of Culture 1991: National Culture Now and the Future,

Culture exists in Indonesia

Regional culture is reflected in various aspects of community life in all regions in Indonesia. Each saerah have different cultural characteristics.
Custom house
Gadang homes, custom homes West Sumatra

* Aceh: Aceh Rumoh
* West Sumatra: Home Gadang
* South Sumatra: Rumah Limas
* Java: Joglo
* Papua: Honai
* South Sulawesi: Tongkonang (Tana Toraja), Bola Soba (Bugis Bone), Balla Lompoa (Gowa Makassar)
* South East: Palace of longitudinal
* North Sulawesi: House Stage
* West Kalimantan: Rumah betang
* East Nusa Tenggara: Lopo
* Maluku: Balieu (from Portuguese)

Dance Pakarena Selayar island in the Dutch East Indies

* Java: Bedaya, Kuda Lumping, Reog
* Bali: Kecak, Barong / Barongan, Pendet
* Maluku: Cakalele, Orlapei, Katreji
* Aceh: Saman, Seudati
* Minangkabau: Plate Dance, Dance Umbrella, Dance Indang, Randai Dance, Dance Candles
* Batavia: Yapong
* Sunda: Jaipong, Mask Dance

Jaipong Dance, Dance of West Java

* NTT East: Likurai, Bidu, Thebes, Bonet, Pado’a, Rokatenda, Caci
* Batak Toba & Spare Simalungun: tortor
* South Sulawesi: Pakkarena Dance, Dance anging Mamiri, Padduppa Dance, Ethnic Dance 4
* Central Sulawesi: Dero
* Coastal Sibolga / Tapteng: Hand Broom Dance, Dance Adok, Children Dance, Dance Hero, Dance Music Duo, Silver Dance, Dance Umbrella
* Riau: Offertory, Zapin, tramp Bulian Serampang Twelve
* Lampung: Bedana, Worship, Tayuhan, Sigegh, Pumpkin Wood
* Irian Jaya: (Musyoh, Welcome)
* Nias: Famaena

* Jakarta: Kicir-Kicir, Jali-jali, Lenggang Kang
* Maluku: Rasa Sayang-Sayange, Come on Mama, Open Doors, Bird Tantina, Goro-Gorone, Huhatee
* Malay: Soleram, Tanjung Katung
* Minangkabau: Deep in Mato Kampuang nan, Kambanglah Bungo, Indang River Garinggiang
* Aceh: Bungong Jeumpa
* South Kalimantan: Ampar-Ampar Bananas
* East: My Kid, Oras Loro Malirin, Sonbilo, Thebes Onana, Ofalangga, Do Hawu, Bolelebo, Lewo Ro Plate Sina, Bengu Re Le Kaju, I Retang, Gaila Ruma Radha, my village
* South Sulawesi: Wind Mamiri
* North Sumatra: Anju Ahu, Bungo Bangso, Cikala Le Pongpong, Bungo Bangso, Butet, Dago Host Sarge,
* Papua / West Irian: Apuse
* West Sumatra: Ayam Den Lapeh, Barek Solok, Paddle Palinggam, Kambanglah Bungo, Kampuang Nan Far Mato, Ka interspace residence,
* Jambi: Batanghari
* West Java: Bubuy Moon, Cing Cangkeling, Ice Candle, Karatagan Heroes,
* West Kalimantan: Cik-Cik pot
* South Sumatra: Madame Cuk Ilang, Deck Sangke, Gending Sriwijaya, Kabile-bile,
* Banten: Rowing boat
* North Sulawesi: Esa Mokan
* Central Java: Gambang Flute, Gek Kepriye, Bald Pacul, Ilir-ilir, moldy
* West Nusa Tenggara: Helele U Ala De Teang
* East Kalimantan: Goon-Goon
* Jambi: Injit-Injit Ants
* Central Kalimantan: Kalayar
* Karatagan Heroes (West Java)
* Keraban Sape (East Java)
* Keroncong Kemayoran (Jakarta)
* Kole-Kole (Maluku)
* Lalan Belek (Bengkulu)
* Alas Valley (Aceh)
* Lisoi (North Sumatra)
* Madekdek Magambiri (North Sumatra)
* Night Baiko (West Sumatra)
* Mande-Mande (Maluku)
* Manuk Dadali (West Java)
* Ma Rencong (South Sulawesi)
* Mejangeran (Bali)
* Mariam Tomong (North Sumatra)
* Moree (Nusa Tenggara)
* Nasonang Dohita Nadua (North Sumatra)
* O Ina Ni Keke (North Sulawesi)
* Ole Sioh (Maluku)
* Orlen-Orlen (Nusa Tenggara)
* O Ulate (Maluku)
* Pai Mura Rame (Nusa Tenggara)
* Pakarena (South Sulawesi)
* Panon Hideung (West Java)
* Paris Barantai (South Kalimantan)
* Peia Tawa-Tawa (Southeast Sulawesi)
* Peuyeum Bandung (West Java)
* Pileuleuyan (West Java)
* Pinang Muda (Jambi)
* Piso Surit (Aceh)
* Pitik Tukung (Yogyakarta)
* Flobamora, Cut Duck Goose (Nusa Tenggara Timur)
* Rambadia (North Sumatra)
* Rang Talu (West Sumatra)
* Rasa Sayang-Sayange (Maluku)
* Queen Anom (Bali)
* Handkerchiefs Bapuncu Ampat (South Kalimantan)
* Sarinande (Maluku)
* Shawl Mayang (Jambi)
* Sengko-Sengko (North Sumatra)
* Siboga Tacinto (North Sumatra)
* Sinanggar Tulo (North Sumatra)
* Sing Sing So (North Sumatra)
* Sinom (Yogyakarta)
* The Patokaan (North Sulawesi)
* Sitara Tillo (North Sulawesi)
* Soleram (Riau)
* Surilang (Jakarta)
* Suwe Ora Jamu (Yogyakarta)
* Horn Majeng (East Java)
* Tanase (Maluku)
* Tapian Nauli (North Sumatra)
* Dance date (South Sumatra)
* Thebes Onana (Nusa Tenggara)
* Te Kate arrows (Yogyakarta)
* Tokecang (West Java)
* Tondok Kadadingku (Central Sulawesi)
* Tope Gugu (Central Sulawesi)
* Tumpi Wayu (Central Kalimantan)
* Tutu Koda (Nusa Tenggara)
* Light of the Moon (New York)
* Yamko Rambe Yamko (Papua)
* Mr Pucung (Central Java)
* Yen Ing Tawang Ono Lintang (Central Java)
* Station Arcade, Didi Kempot (Central Java)
* Anging Mamiri, Parasanganta Sulawesi (South Sulawesi)
* Feather londong, malluya, io-io, ma’pararuk (West Sulawesi)

] Music

* Jakarta: Keroncong Monument.
* Maluku:
* Malay: Hadrah, Makyong, Ronggeng
* Minangkabau:
* Aceh:
* Makassar: Gandrang Bulo, Sinrilik
* Coastal Sibolga / Tapteng: Sikambang

Musical instrument
Gamelan

* Java: [[gamelan] [drum Java]].
* East Nusa Tenggara: Sasando, Gong and Tambour, JUK Dawan, Guitar Lio.
* Drum Bali
* Drum Simalungun
* Drum Malay
* Gandang Tabuik
* Sasando
* Talempong
* Tifa
* Saluang
* Rebana
* Bende
* Kenong
* Keroncong
* Flute
* Jidor
* Flute Lembang
* Suling Sunda
* Dermenan
* Sharon
* Lute
* Bonang
* Kendang Java
* Angklung
* Calung
* Kulintang
* Gong Kemada
* Gong Lambus
* Rebab
* Tanggetong
* Gondang Batak
* Lyre, kesok-Kesok Bugis-Makassar, etc.

Image

* Java: Puppet.
* Tortor: Batak

Sculpture

* Java: Buto statue, statue of Buddha.
* Bali: Garuda.
* Irian Jaya: Asmat.

Clothing

* Java: Batik.
* North Sumatra: Ulos, Suri, suri, Mutual.
* North Sumatra, Sibolga: Children Daro & Marapule.
* West Sumatra / Malay:
* Sumatran selatanSongket
* Lampung: Tapestry
* Sasiringan
* Weaving East Nusa Tenggara
* Bugis – MakassarBaju Bodo and Jas Close, Clothes La’bu

Sound

* Java: Sinden.
* Sumatra: Tailor story.
* Talibun: (Sibolga, North Sumatra)

Literature / writing

* Java: Java Babad Tanah, Ronggowarsito works.
* Bali: Papyrus paper above.
* Eastern Sumatra (Malay): Hang Tuah
* South Sulawesi Lontara Old Manuscript
* East Babelen Ai, Ai Kanoik

Food
! Main article: List of Indonesian cuisine

Maize East Bose, Se’i Meat, Sweet Saute.
Typical Modern Indonesian Culture

* Music Dangdut: Elvie Sukaesih, Rhoma Irama.
* Film Indonesia: “Leaves in the Upper Pillow” (1998) which received the best film award at the “Asia Pacific Film Festival” in Taipei.
* Literature: New Doctor.

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